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Thick materials and metals in industrial situations often require a laser to be cut and shaped. A special laser machine is used that follows a code to cut a specific pattern. Laser cutting is a fast and reliable way to cut thick and heavy materials. Read on to learn more about what laser cutting is and what it’s used for.

What is laser cutting?

Laser cutting is a technology used typically in industrial and manufacturing settings that uses a powerful laser to cut, shape or engrave hard materials. It’s now even being used by people with small businesses or hobbies that involve cutting hard materials, like metal. These laser cuts are precise and accurate, requiring no direct contact with the material. The most common materials that are cut by laser cutters are metals, plastic, rubber, wood, and fabric. Most laser cutting machines can cut materials that are over 100 inches thick.

How does it work?

The laser cutting machine is programmed with a special CNC code and CAD files that drive the machine to create specific cuts and patterns. The machine uses an X and Y axis to navigate the cuts and adjusts power depending on the precision of the angles. The laser uses high pressure and melts the material as it cuts. There are three types of lasers used. Carbon dioxide lasers are used for more simple cutting and engraving. Neodymium (Nd) lasers are used for when the cutting requires high energy and low repetition. Neodymium yttrium-aluminum-garnet (Nd: YAG) lasers are a type of crystal that is used in applications that require high power.

How is laser cutting different from other methods?

Laser cutting allows you to make highly precise cuts that other methods won’t allow you to make. The versatility of laser cutting machine can make those precise cuts on complex structures or can make simple cuts. As mentioned, it’s also a non-contact process which means it’s less likely to damage the material. The machine also requires little operator contact so there’s minimal risk of injuries. These machines require less energy, time and can produce exact replicas that is much harder to do with traditional cutting methods.

Laser cutting was first used in the 1960s and has since been a widely used and effective method for cutting parts and materials of all sizes. If you’re looking for a laser cutter that works in a wide range of industries, Laser Technologies offers high-quality laser cutting services along with a variety lamination and welding services.

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